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Chronic political instability and violence henceforth marked Guatemalan politics; most of some 200,000 deaths that resulted from subsequent political violence were blamed on government forces.

In 1945 a liberal-democratic coalition came to power and instituted sweeping reforms. In the following years Guatemala's social revolution came to an end, and most of the reforms were reversed.GDP: purchasing power parity - .3 billion (2001 est.) GDP - real growth rate: 2.3% (2001 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - ,700 (2001 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 23% industry: 20% services: 57% (2000 est.) Population below poverty line: 60% (2000 est.) Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.6% percentage share: highest 10%: 46% (1998) Distribution of family income - Gini 55.8 (1998) index: Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.6% (2001) Labor force: 4.2 million (1999 est.) Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 50%, industry 15%, services 35% (1999 est.) Unemployment rate: 7.5% (1999 est.) Budget: revenues: .1 billion expenditures: .5 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.) Industries: sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism Industrial production growth rate: 4.1% (1999) Electricity - production: 5.929 billion k Wh (2000) Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 50.35% hydro: 44.54% other: 5.11% (2000) nuclear: 0% Electricity - consumption: 4.797 billion k Wh (2000) Electricity - exports: 840 million k Wh (2000) Electricity - imports: 123 million k Wh (2000) Agriculture - products: sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens Exports: .9 billion (f.o.b., 2001) Exports - commodities: coffee, sugar, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, meat, apparel, petroleum, electricity Exports - partners: US 57%, El Salvador 8.7%, Costa Rica 3.7%, Nicaragua 2.8%, Germany 2.6% (2000) Imports: .9 billion (f.o.b., 2001) Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity Imports - partners: US 35.2%, Mexico 12.6%, South Korea 7.9%, El Salvador 6.4%, Venezuela 3.9% (2000) Debt - external: .5 billion (2001 est.) Economic aid - recipient: 2 million (1995) Currency: quetzal (GTQ), US dollar (USD), others allowed Currency code: GTQ; USD Exchange rates: quetzales per US dollar - 8.0165 (January 2002), 7.8586 (2001), 7.7632 (2000), 7.3856 (1999), 6.3947 (1998), 6.0653 (1997) Fiscal year: calendar year Communications Guatemala Telephones - main lines in use: 665,061 (June 2000) Telephones - mobile cellular: 663,296 (September 2000) Telephone system: general assessment: fairly modern network centered in the city of Guatemala domestic: NA international: connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) Radio broadcast stations: AM 130, FM 487, shortwave 15 (2000) Radios: 835,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations: 26 (plus 27 repeaters) (1997) Televisions: 1.323 million (1997) Internet country code: Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2000) Internet users: 65,000 (2000) Transportation Guatemala Railways: total: 884 km narrow gauge: 884 km 0.914-m gauge (single-track) note: much of the railway is inoperable (2001 est.) Highways: total: 13,856 km paved: 4,370 km (including 140 km of expressways) unpaved: 9,486 km (1998) Waterways: 990 km note: 260 km navigable year round; additional 730 km navigable during highwater season Pipelines: crude oil 275 km Ports and harbors: Champerico, Puerto Barrios, Puerto Quetzal, San Jose, Santo Tomas de Castilla Merchant marine: none (2002 est.) Airports: 475 (2001) Airports - with paved runways: total: 11 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 914 to 1,523 m: 4 under 914 m: 2 (2001) Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 464 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 9 914 to 1,523 m: 123 under 914 m: 331 (2001) Military Guatemala Military branches: Army, Navy (includes Marines), Air Force Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.) Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 3,186,894 (2002 est.) Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,080,504 (2002 service: est.) Military manpower - reaching military males: 140,358 (2002 est.) age annually: Military expenditures - dollar 0 million (FY99) figure: Military expenditures - percent of 0.6% (FY99) GDP: Transnational Issues Guatemala Disputes - international: the "Line of Adjacency", established as an agreed limit in 2000 to check squatters settling in Belize, remains in place while OAS assists states to resolve Guatemalan territorial claims in Belize and Guatemalan maritime access to the Caribbean Sea Illicit drugs: transit country for cocaine and heroin; minor producer of illicit opium poppy and cannabis for mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Mexico makes Guatemala a major staging area for drugs (cocaine and heroin shipments); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem * * * Area: 42,042 sq mi (108,889 sq km). From simple farming villages dating to 2500 BC, the Maya of Guatemala and the Yucatán developed a sophisticated civilization.Its heart was the northern Petén, where the oldest Mayan stelae and the ceremonial centre of Tikal are found.In February, following a six-year moratorium, the death penalty was reinstated in Guatemala; President Colom vetoed the legislation the following month, however.Álvaro Colom of the centre-left National Union for Hope (UNE) on Nov.

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